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Causes of Osteoporosis

Causes of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis happens when excessive bone mass is gone, and changes happens in the structure of bone tissue itself. Specific risk factors can lead to the advancement of osteoporosis or could increase the possibility that you are going develop the disease.

A lot of people with osteoporosis have many risk factors, but others that develop the disease might not have any particular risk factors. There are some risk factors that can’t be changed by you, and others that you might be able to change. Nevertheless, by understanding these factors, you might be able to prevent the disease and fractures.

What Causes Osteoporosis?

Factors that might increase your risk for osteoporosis comprise of:

  • Gender. Your likelihood of developing osteoporosis is greater when you’re a woman. They have lesser peak bone mass and smaller bones than men do. Nevertheless, men are still vulnerable, especially following the age of seventy.
  • Age. As you get older, bone loss occurs more quickly, and newer bone growth is more prolonged. After a while, your bones can get weak and your risk for developing the disease is increased.
  • Body size. Slim, thin-boned men and women are at a greater risk to develop the disease since they have less bone to lose in comparison to large boned men and women.
  • Race. Caucasian and women of Asian descent are at an increased risk. Mexican American and African American women are at a lower risk. Caucasian men are at an increased risk than their Mexican American and African American counter parts.
  • Family history. Research shows that your chance for osteoporosis and bone fractures may increase should one of your parents have a history of osteoporosis or bone fractures.
  • Changes to hormones. Low levels of specific hormones can increase chances of developing the disease. For instance:
    • Low estrogen levels in women following menopause.
    • Low levels of estrogen from the atypical lack of menstrual cycles in pre-menopausal women because of hormone disorders or extreme degrees of physical activity.
    • Lower levels of testosterone in men. Men with complications that induce low testosterone are at risk for developing the disease. On the other hand, the progressive decrease of testosterone with getting older is most likely not a significant reason for loss of bone.
  • Diet. Starting in childhood and into advanced years, a diet low in vitamin D and calcium can increase your chance for osteoporosis and bone fractures. Undue dieting or insufficient protein intake could increase your chances for bone loss and osteoporosis.
  • Other health concerns. Many other health concerns that you might be able to treat or handle can increase the risk of osteoporosis, like other hormonal and endocrine diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, gastrointestinal diseases, certain types of cancers, AIDS/HIV, and bulimia.
  • Medications. Long term use of some types of medications might make you more potential to osteoporosis develop and bone loss, like:
    • Adrenocorticotropic and hormone Glucocorticoids, in which treat differing conditions, like rheumatoid arthritis and/or asthma.
    • Anti-epileptic medicines, in which treat seizures and other neurological ailments.
    • Cancer medications, in which use hormones to treat prostate and breast cancer.
    • Proton pump inhibitors, in which lowers stomach acid.
    • Discerning serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, in which treats anxiety and depression.
    • Thiazolidinediones, in which treats type 2 diabetes.
  • Way of life. A healthy way of life can be vital for keeping bones strong. Factors that lead to bone loss comprise of:
    • Decreased levels of physical activity and lengthy periods of inactivity can lead to an increased degree of bone loss. They also leave you in improper physical condition, which can increase your chance of falling and breaking a bone(s).
    • Heavy drinking of alcoholic beverages is a considerable risk factor for osteoporosis.
    • Reports show that smoking is a risk factor for osteoporosis and bone fractures. Researchers are still evaluating if the effect of smoking on bone health is from tobacco use by itself or if people that smoke have more potential of developing osteoporosis.

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